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Global energy investment in 2017 totalled almost $1.8 trillion, accounting for 2.2% of global GDP

Energy markets focus on the trade and supply of electricity, gas and liquid fuels. They consist of three main elements: generation or production, transmission and distribution, and supply. Once electricity is generated or gas and oil is produced, it is sold on the wholesale market to suppliers, who sell it on to consumers and arrange for its delivery. It is distributed to homes and businesses through transmission and distribution systems. Depending on a country’s government policy, these elements of energy markets may be nationalised or privatised. Energy markets are closely regulated to ensure secure access to energy at fair prices, since energy is a necessity for sustained economic output and human welfare. Energy markets in the UK are privatised and regulated by the Office of Gas and Electricity Markets (Ofgem), which is responsible for protecting the interest of consumers by promoting fair competition. UK energy markets have recently experienced significant changes due to diversification of electricity generation through the rise of renewable energy sources, as well as the addition of many new suppliers.

Around the world, investments in the energy system are shifting, with increasing funds flowing into renewables, grid flexibility mechanisms, and low carbon transport. An appropriate policy and regulatory environment is required for continued investment towards a low carbon economy while maintaining energy security. The low carbon transition often requires the government to drive and guide private spending since investments in low carbon energy infrastructure are often capital-intensive and require long-term returns. There is growing need for new market structures to be defined and existing ones to play different roles in order to encourage low carbon investments across all sectors of energy, while also keeping the energy system stable and conventional sources flowing. Increased interconnection is also an option for moving towards more sustainable and cost-effective energy systems; integration of national energy systems through cross-border infrastructure can redefine investment agendas.

For the latest news and articles on energy pricing read Petroleum Review.

Learn more about markets and investment by reading our Energy Insights.

View upcoming finanace and investment consultations and policies on our Policy Milestones Calendar.

What's new?

ADNOC unlocks $4bn in value in pipeline infrastructure investment agreement

24-02-2019
The Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) has entered into a $4bn midstream pipeline infrastructure partnership with international investors KKR and BlackRock. As part of the transaction, a newly formed entity called ADNOC Oil Pipelines will lease ADNOC’s interest in 18 pipelines, transporting crud...

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Romania’s frequent legislative changes provide unstable climate for gas investments

21-02-2019
Successive changes to Romania’s regulatory framework governing the oil and gas sector, including a raft of changes in legislation in recent months, have made for an uncertain investment climate, according to GlobalData.The market analyst’s latest report on the country shows a reduced level of compet...

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Key uncertainties shaping global energy markets

14-02-2019
The 2019 edition of the BP Energy Outlook explores the key uncertainties that could impact the shape of global energy markets out to 2040, the greatest of which involve the need for more energy to support continued global economic growth and rising prosperity, together with the n...

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Finland to increase domestic biofuels market

7-02-2019
Finland’s Parliament has voted in favour of a law to gradually increase the share of biofuels in its domestic market to 30% by 2029, according to Petrolplaza. The measure not only covers transport fuel but also sets the distribution obligation of bio-based light fuel oil.According to the new law, a ...

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Online sales and heavy trucks to drive China’s HDMO market

16-01-2019
Demand for heavy duty motor oil (HDMO) in trucks in China is estimated to increase at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 0.6% through 2022, based on the ‘most likely’ scenario in a recently published report from Kline. In particular, the heavy truck fleet is estimated to show 5% to 7% annual gr...

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Events and training

Economics of the Oil and Gas Industry

8-05-2019
A 2-day introduction to the economics of the oil and gas industry. This course is suitable for students who are new to the oil and gas industry.

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Financing challenges for a transforming energy industry

5-06-2019
Attend to discuss the latest challenges and financial solutions that will manage risks and facilitate the development of the future energy mix to meet consumers’ requirements.

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Valuation and risk analysis of oil and gas assets - October 2019

23-10-2019
The 3-day training course is pitched to appeal to professionals with a large range of technical and commercial backgrounds and varying levels of experience seeking insight to the broad range of asset valuation techniques required across the industry.

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Introduction to LNG

7-11-2019
This 2-day training course provides an introduction to the LNG chain. Suitable for students who are new to the LNG sector and/or those with a non-technical background.

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Technical guidance publications

Proceedings of the 20th World Petroleum Congress. Energy Solutions for All: Promoting Cooperation, Innovation and Investment. 4-8 December, 2011, Doha, Qatar

2012
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Financial investment in energy efficiency

2008
Taken from Croner's Energy Management loose-leaf manual, this 30-page module identifies a number of accountancy techniques to help energy managers quantify potential savings by investing in energy efficiency. It outlines the basic principals of investment appraisal, explains the barriers to investin...

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