Global energy investment in 2017 totalled almost $1.8 trillion, accounting for 2.2% of global GDP

Energy markets focus on the trade and supply of electricity, gas and liquid fuels. They consist of three main elements: generation or production, transmission and distribution, and supply. Once electricity is generated or gas and oil is produced, it is sold on the wholesale market to suppliers, who sell it on to consumers and arrange for its delivery. It is distributed to homes and businesses through transmission and distribution systems. Depending on a country’s government policy, these elements of energy markets may be nationalised or privatised. Energy markets are closely regulated to ensure secure access to energy at fair prices, since energy is a necessity for sustained economic output and human welfare. Energy markets in the UK are privatised and regulated by the Office of Gas and Electricity Markets (Ofgem), which is responsible for protecting the interest of consumers by promoting fair competition. UK energy markets have recently experienced significant changes due to diversification of electricity generation through the rise of renewable energy sources, as well as the addition of many new suppliers.

Around the world, investments in the energy system are shifting, with increasing funds flowing into renewables, grid flexibility mechanisms, and low carbon transport. An appropriate policy and regulatory environment is required for continued investment towards a low carbon economy while maintaining energy security. The low carbon transition often requires the government to drive and guide private spending since investments in low carbon energy infrastructure are often capital-intensive and require long-term returns. There is growing need for new market structures to be defined and existing ones to play different roles in order to encourage low carbon investments across all sectors of energy, while also keeping the energy system stable and conventional sources flowing. Increased interconnection is also an option for moving towards more sustainable and cost-effective energy systems; integration of national energy systems through cross-border infrastructure can redefine investment agendas.

For the latest news and articles on energy pricing read Petroleum Review.

Learn more about markets and investment by reading our Energy Insights.

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What's new?

Growing the global market

1-07-2020
Distributed generation units tend to be connected to networks at the distribution system level. Nerea Martinez Hipolito looks at the trend for growth.

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Rebuilding bus market to meet the net zero carbon challenge

4-06-2020
The Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport (CILT) has released a White Paper that features 14 recommendations for encouraging the UK government to realign its policies for exiting the COVID-19 lockdown, to work alongside the goal of significantly reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and i...

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Equinor leading the field for oil majors promising renewable investments

4-06-2020
Investments in solar and wind energy projects by the world’s oil majors until 2025 are expected to exceed $18bn, a Rystad Energy analysis finds. But a closer look at the numbers reveals that some $10bn, or 55% of the amount, is expected to be invested by a single company, Equinor, the only operator ...

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Will the pandemic put the brakes on the growing EV market?

1-06-2020
The COVID-19 pandemic is having profound impacts on the transport sector, and road transport in particular. How are electric vehicles likely to fare during and after the crisis? Elliot Tawney takes a look.

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Growing the global market

1-06-2020
Nerea Martinez Hipolito, Distributed Power Analyst at Delta-EE, highlights the key trends driving the global distributed power market.

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Events and training

EI LIVE | Oil and Gas Industry Fundamentals - Awareness - September 2020

7-09-2020
This 4-day awareness training course provides delegates with an overview of principal activities in the international upstream, midstream and downstream petroleum industry.

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EI LIVE | Introduction to Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) - September 2020

14-09-2020
This 4-day online training course provides an introduction to the LNG chain. Suitable for students who are new to the LNG sector and/or those with a non-technical background.

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EI LIVE | Energy Efficiency: The Road to Net Zero

16-09-2020
Discover the latest approaches and strategies in energy efficiency that can help the UK reach net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.

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EI LIVE | Introduction to Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) - November 2020

9-11-2020
This 4-day training course provides an introduction to the LNG chain. Suitable for students who are new to the LNG sector and/or those with a non-technical background.

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CQRM - Certified in Quantitative Risk Management - November 2020

16-11-2020
This 4-day CQRM - Certified in Quantitative Risk Management training course will teach delegates how to acquire updated and practical knowledge in risk management from a quantitative approach to measure, analyse and make decisions.

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Technical guidance publications

Proceedings of the 20th World Petroleum Congress. Energy Solutions for All: Promoting Cooperation, Innovation and Investment. 4-8 December, 2011, Doha, Qatar

2012
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Financial investment in energy efficiency

2008
Taken from Croner's Energy Management loose-leaf manual, this 30-page module identifies a number of accountancy techniques to help energy managers quantify potential savings by investing in energy efficiency. It outlines the basic principals of investment appraisal, explains the barriers to investin...

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