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Global energy investment in 2017 totalled almost $1.8 trillion, accounting for 2.2% of global GDP

Energy markets focus on the trade and supply of electricity, gas and liquid fuels. They consist of three main elements: generation or production, transmission and distribution, and supply. Once electricity is generated or gas and oil is produced, it is sold on the wholesale market to suppliers, who sell it on to consumers and arrange for its delivery. It is distributed to homes and businesses through transmission and distribution systems. Depending on a country’s government policy, these elements of energy markets may be nationalised or privatised. Energy markets are closely regulated to ensure secure access to energy at fair prices, since energy is a necessity for sustained economic output and human welfare. Energy markets in the UK are privatised and regulated by the Office of Gas and Electricity Markets (Ofgem), which is responsible for protecting the interest of consumers by promoting fair competition. UK energy markets have recently experienced significant changes due to diversification of electricity generation through the rise of renewable energy sources, as well as the addition of many new suppliers.

Around the world, investments in the energy system are shifting, with increasing funds flowing into renewables, grid flexibility mechanisms, and low carbon transport. An appropriate policy and regulatory environment is required for continued investment towards a low carbon economy while maintaining energy security. The low carbon transition often requires the government to drive and guide private spending since investments in low carbon energy infrastructure are often capital-intensive and require long-term returns. There is growing need for new market structures to be defined and existing ones to play different roles in order to encourage low carbon investments across all sectors of energy, while also keeping the energy system stable and conventional sources flowing. Increased interconnection is also an option for moving towards more sustainable and cost-effective energy systems; integration of national energy systems through cross-border infrastructure can redefine investment agendas.

For the latest news and articles on energy pricing read Petroleum Review.

Learn more about markets and investment by reading our Energy Insights.

View upcoming finanace and investment consultations and policies on our Policy Milestones Calendar.

What's new?

Global energy investment in 2018 stabilises after three years of decline

9-06-2019
Global energy investment remained relatively stable in 2018 at over $1.8tn, following three years of decline, according to a new report from the International Energy Agency (IEA). The World Energy Investment 2019 report shows an increase in capital spending on oil, gas and coal supply. Meanwhil...

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Angola block 15 investment announced

6-06-2019
ExxonMobil and partners have agreed further investment into deepwater block 15, offshore Angola, as part of an agreement with Angola’s National Agency for Petroleum, Gas and Biofuels (NAPGB) that extends the production sharing agreement (PSA) for the block through 2032. The deal will also give the s...

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Global energy investment stabilised in 2018, but security and sustainability concerns are growing

20-05-2019
Global energy investment stabilised in 2018, ending three consecutive years of decline, as capital spending on oil, gas and coal supply bounced back while investment stalled for energy efficiency and renewable, according to the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) latest annual review.The findings of...

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Subsea market surging forward

25-04-2019
Oslo-based consultancy Rystad Energy is very positive about the prospects for the subsea services market going forward. According to analyst Henning Bjørvik, the subsea services market is one of the top performers in terms of oil and gas operations.Demand for maintenance and operations of offshore v...

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J Hemmerdinger, Collins investment gets electrification plan onto The Grid, Flight International, 16-22 April 2019, p 15

16-04-2019
In US, Collins Aerospace is opening ‘The Grid’, the first of four laboratories designed to exploit the potential of hybrid electric propulsion, one of the projects being the Dash program being undertaken by UTAP. 

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Events and training

YPN FutureTech: Power to the People

20-06-2019
Join the debate and discover how technology is shaping the energy transition.

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Introduction to Oil & Gas Industry- September 2019

24-09-2019
This 2-day course provides an introduction to the oil & gas industry. Delegates will learn about the key sectors of the oil and gas industry from exploration through to fuel retailing. The course comprehensively covers all aspects of the industry value chain including formation of oil & gas,...

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Economics of the Oil and Gas Industry

9-10-2019
A 2-day introduction to the economics of the oil and gas industry. This course is suitable for students who are new to the oil and gas industry.

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Valuation and risk analysis of oil and gas assets - October 2019

23-10-2019
The 3-day training course is pitched to appeal to professionals with a large range of technical and commercial backgrounds and varying levels of experience seeking insight to the broad range of asset valuation techniques required across the industry.

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Economics of Oil & Gas Industry- October 2019

29-10-2019
This 2-day course introduces the economics that drive the oil and gas industry. Participants in this course will learn about the oil and gas value chain and will consider the costs, revenues and risk associated with various stages in the chain. Basic economic principles such as Net Present Valu...

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Technical guidance publications

Proceedings of the 20th World Petroleum Congress. Energy Solutions for All: Promoting Cooperation, Innovation and Investment. 4-8 December, 2011, Doha, Qatar

2012
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Financial investment in energy efficiency

2008
Taken from Croner's Energy Management loose-leaf manual, this 30-page module identifies a number of accountancy techniques to help energy managers quantify potential savings by investing in energy efficiency. It outlines the basic principals of investment appraisal, explains the barriers to investin...

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