Global energy investment in 2017 totalled almost $1.8 trillion, accounting for 2.2% of global GDP

Energy markets focus on the trade and supply of electricity, gas and liquid fuels. They consist of three main elements: generation or production, transmission and distribution, and supply. Once electricity is generated or gas and oil is produced, it is sold on the wholesale market to suppliers, who sell it on to consumers and arrange for its delivery. It is distributed to homes and businesses through transmission and distribution systems. Depending on a country’s government policy, these elements of energy markets may be nationalised or privatised. Energy markets are closely regulated to ensure secure access to energy at fair prices, since energy is a necessity for sustained economic output and human welfare. Energy markets in the UK are privatised and regulated by the Office of Gas and Electricity Markets (Ofgem), which is responsible for protecting the interest of consumers by promoting fair competition. UK energy markets have recently experienced significant changes due to diversification of electricity generation through the rise of renewable energy sources, as well as the addition of many new suppliers.

Around the world, investments in the energy system are shifting, with increasing funds flowing into renewables, grid flexibility mechanisms, and low carbon transport. An appropriate policy and regulatory environment is required for continued investment towards a low carbon economy while maintaining energy security. The low carbon transition often requires the government to drive and guide private spending since investments in low carbon energy infrastructure are often capital-intensive and require long-term returns. There is growing need for new market structures to be defined and existing ones to play different roles in order to encourage low carbon investments across all sectors of energy, while also keeping the energy system stable and conventional sources flowing. Increased interconnection is also an option for moving towards more sustainable and cost-effective energy systems; integration of national energy systems through cross-border infrastructure can redefine investment agendas.

For the latest news and articles on energy pricing read Petroleum Review.

Learn more about markets and investment by reading our Energy Insights.

View upcoming finanace and investment consultations and policies on our Policy Milestones Calendar.

What's new?

Carbon markets to surge in 2020

1-03-2020
The drive to decarbonise is seeing carbon trading and pricing schemes develop across the globe. Nnamdi Anyadike takes a closer look at what is happening in the UK, Europe, the US and China.

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Cybersecurity a top focus for upstream oil and gas companies’ digital investments

14-02-2020
Cybersecurity has emerged as the top focus of upstream oil and gas companies’ digital investments, according to a new report from Accenture, which surveyed 255 industry professionals, including C-suite executives, functional leaders and engineers, across the globe.When respondents were asked which d...

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EDF plugs in to UK EV charging market with Pod Point deal

13-02-2020
EDF has acquired a majority stake in Pod Point, one of the largest electric vehicle (EV) charging companies in the UK, as part of a newly-formed joint venture with Legal & General Capital. The Pod Point acquisition is EDF Group’s largest investment in the EV market to date and forms part of its ...

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New shallow gas discovery likely to play pivotal role in UAE gas market

4-02-2020
The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has announced the discovery of 80tn cf of shallow gas resources in place within the area between Saih Al Sidirah and Jebel Ali in the Emirates of Abu Dhabi and Dubai respectively, which will help the nation meet its goal of achieving gas self-sufficiency and plans to t...

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Loopholes and low ambition hinder carbon market progress

1-02-2020
UN negotiators cannot seem to agree the rules for operating a global carbon market. Jennifer Johnson looks at whether it’s truly possible to create an equitable trade in carbon credits.

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Events and training

CQRM - Certified in Quantitative Risk Management - June 2020

1-06-2020
This 4-day CQRM - Certified in Quantitative Risk Management training course will teach delegates how to acquire updated and practical knowledge in risk management from a quantitative approach to measure, analyse and make decisions.

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Oil and Gas Industry Fundamentals - Awareness - September 2020

10-09-2020
This 2-day awareness training course provides delegates with an overview of principal activities in the international upstream, midstream and downstream petroleum industry.

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Introduction to LNG - November 2020

9-11-2020
This 2-day training course provides an introduction to the LNG chain. Suitable for students who are new to the LNG sector and/or those with a non-technical background.

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CQRM - Certified in Quantitative Risk Management - November 2020

16-11-2020
This 4-day CQRM - Certified in Quantitative Risk Management training course will teach delegates how to acquire updated and practical knowledge in risk management from a quantitative approach to measure, analyse and make decisions.

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Economics of the Oil and Gas Industry - November 2020

23-11-2020
A 2-day introduction to the economics of the oil and gas industry. This course is suitable for students who are new to the oil and gas industry.

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Technical guidance publications

Proceedings of the 20th World Petroleum Congress. Energy Solutions for All: Promoting Cooperation, Innovation and Investment. 4-8 December, 2011, Doha, Qatar

2012
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Financial investment in energy efficiency

2008
Taken from Croner's Energy Management loose-leaf manual, this 30-page module identifies a number of accountancy techniques to help energy managers quantify potential savings by investing in energy efficiency. It outlines the basic principals of investment appraisal, explains the barriers to investin...

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