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Global energy investment in 2017 totalled almost $1.8 trillion, accounting for 2.2% of global GDP

Energy markets focus on the trade and supply of electricity, gas and liquid fuels. They consist of three main elements: generation or production, transmission and distribution, and supply. Once electricity is generated or gas and oil is produced, it is sold on the wholesale market to suppliers, who sell it on to consumers and arrange for its delivery. It is distributed to homes and businesses through transmission and distribution systems. Depending on a country’s government policy, these elements of energy markets may be nationalised or privatised. Energy markets are closely regulated to ensure secure access to energy at fair prices, since energy is a necessity for sustained economic output and human welfare. Energy markets in the UK are privatised and regulated by the Office of Gas and Electricity Markets (Ofgem), which is responsible for protecting the interest of consumers by promoting fair competition. UK energy markets have recently experienced significant changes due to diversification of electricity generation through the rise of renewable energy sources, as well as the addition of many new suppliers.

Around the world, investments in the energy system are shifting, with increasing funds flowing into renewables, grid flexibility mechanisms, and low carbon transport. An appropriate policy and regulatory environment is required for continued investment towards a low carbon economy while maintaining energy security. The low carbon transition often requires the government to drive and guide private spending since investments in low carbon energy infrastructure are often capital-intensive and require long-term returns. There is growing need for new market structures to be defined and existing ones to play different roles in order to encourage low carbon investments across all sectors of energy, while also keeping the energy system stable and conventional sources flowing. Increased interconnection is also an option for moving towards more sustainable and cost-effective energy systems; integration of national energy systems through cross-border infrastructure can redefine investment agendas.

For the latest news and articles on energy pricing read Petroleum Review.

Learn more about markets and investment by reading our Energy Insights.

View upcoming finanace and investment consultations and policies on our Policy Milestones Calendar.

What's new?

Brazil gas market reform unlocks investment across value chain

6-08-2019
Brazil’s natural gas market reforms have taken a major step forward, with plans in place which are set to open up opportunities across the gas value chain, and boost investment in the country’s pre-salt.The National Council for Energy Policy (CNPE) recently unveiled its roadmap for opening the gas m...

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Private equity helps drive Norwegian North Sea investment

1-08-2019
A wave of new finance and M&A is spurring Norwegian North Sea investment as US oil majors move to other opportunities. Brian Davis reports.

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Total to develop LNG market in Benin

24-07-2019
Total, the Republic of Benin and the Société Béninoise d’Energie Electrique (SBEE) have signed a gas supply agreement and host government agreement for the development of an LNG import floating terminal and the supply of up to 0.5mn t/y of regasified LNG from Total’s global portfolio to Benin for 15...

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Russia looks to retain its edge as Europe’s gas market changes

22-07-2019
Europe’s need for imported gas is continuing to grow as its indigenous production declines. Wood Mackenzie believes that by 2035, Europe will need to import about 400bn cm/y to meet demand, up from approximately 310bn cm in 2019.While piped supplies from North Africa and Central Asia will provide ab...

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National Trust to sell oil, gas and coal investments

4-07-2019
The National Trust is planning to sell all of its investments in oil, coal and gas companies according to media reports. The charity says it is taking the decision following the ‘limited progress’ made by fossil fuel firms in switching to alternatives deemed better for the environment.The Trust, whi...

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Events and training

IEA's World Energy Investment Report 2019

19-09-2019
The International Energy Agency’s annual benchmark for tracking energy investment, World Energy Investment 2019 provides a full picture of today’s capital flows and what they might mean for tomorrow’s energy sector It assesses whether the frameworks and strategi...

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Oil & Gas Fundamentals Awareness - September 2019

24-09-2019
This 2-day course provides an introduction to the oil & gas industry. Delegates will learn about the key sectors of the oil and gas industry from exploration through to fuel retailing. The course comprehensively covers all aspects of the industry value chain including formation of oil & gas,...

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Economics of the Oil and Gas Industry

9-10-2019
A 2-day introduction to the economics of the oil and gas industry. This course is suitable for students who are new to the oil and gas industry.

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Valuation and risk analysis of oil and gas assets - October 2019

23-10-2019
The 3-day training course is pitched to appeal to professionals with a large range of technical and commercial backgrounds and varying levels of experience seeking insight to the broad range of asset valuation techniques required across the industry.

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Economics of the Oil and Gas Industry - October 2019

29-10-2019
This 2-day course introduces the economics that drive the oil and gas industry. Participants in this course will learn about the oil and gas value chain and will consider the costs, revenues and risk associated with various stages in the chain. Basic economic principles such as Net Present Valu...

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Technical guidance publications

Proceedings of the 20th World Petroleum Congress. Energy Solutions for All: Promoting Cooperation, Innovation and Investment. 4-8 December, 2011, Doha, Qatar

2012
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Financial investment in energy efficiency

2008
Taken from Croner's Energy Management loose-leaf manual, this 30-page module identifies a number of accountancy techniques to help energy managers quantify potential savings by investing in energy efficiency. It outlines the basic principals of investment appraisal, explains the barriers to investin...

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