Transport sector accounts for 25% of all energy consumption in the world

Whether moving freight or passengers, transportation plays a major role in our society and economy. There are broadly four different modes of transport – air, road, rail and marine. Demand for transport has been rapidly increasing along with economic growth and is expected to continue to do so well into the future. Currently, the transport sector is one of the largest sources of both greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution because of its heavy reliance on energy-dense oil products, mainly petrol and diesel. Despite the strong pressures to move away from hydrocarbons due to the need to mitigate climate change and national plans to reduce reliance on fuel imports, there has so far been limited success in shifting towards a low carbon transport sector, especially in comparison to achievements in electricity. Shifting to lower carbon fuels in transport is a difficult task since neither batteries nor hydrogen can yet provide energy density levels high enough to substitute for oil products in some use cases. However, policy initiatives in the UK and worldwide are facilitating the shift to lower carbon means of transport, including financial incentives for buying low-emission cars, and various bans announced on future sales of petrol and diesel cars.

A transformation of the transport sector is underway, characterised mainly by three trends: electrification, shared mobility and automation. Widespread integration of electric vehicles to the energy system is expected to have significant systemic impacts, as it can allow the roll-out of smart charging at scale; this can provide additional flexibility for managing the electrical grid. Though this transformation is driven by technological developments and market forces, these changes present opportunities to achieve a more sustainable transportation sector. There is particular potential to reduce transport emissions through changes such as modal shift, behavioural change, vehicle efficiency improvements, the use of low carbon fuels, and new business models.

Learn more about transport by exploring records published on our Energy Matrix.

For the latest news and articles on the transport sector read Energy World.

Discover UK professionals' views on decarbonising transport by reading our annual Energy Barometer.

What's new?

Electrification can cut emissions of transport, buildings and industry in Europe by 60% by 2050

11-02-2020
Electrification of the transport, buildings and industrial sectors in Europe could slash greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 60% between 2020 and 2050, according to a new report published by BloombergNEF (BNEF).A revolution in the use of energy by these three sectors is possible over the next 30 years...

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Are SUVs sabotaging the UK's green transport revolution?

29-01-2020
The growing demand for sports utility vehicles (SUVs) – sales of which outnumber electric vehicle sales at a rate of 37 to 1 – is threatening the UK’s attempts to clean up the transport sector, according to the annual Review of Energy Policy published by the UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC). T...

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Energy Insight: Transport fuels technology -update service

20-01-2020
Since publishing Transport Fuels Technology in year 2000, Dr Eric Goodger CEng FEI has continued to update by detecting and abstracting items of relevant news across the scientific/engineering literature. These abstracts are included on a continuing basis on the website of the Energy Institute.Thes...

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Transport Fuels Technology update Service: Correlated papers on Transport fuels today ... and tomorrow: Year 2019

20-01-2020
What the literature tells us during year 2019Since publishing Transport Fuels Technology* in year 2000, Eric Goodger has continued to update by detecting and abstracting items of relevant news across the scientific/engineering literature.   These abstracts are included on a continuing basi...

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EIA projects air transport energy consumption to increase through 2050

6-11-2019
According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA) global demand for jet fuel will continue increasing through 2050, with consumption growing at a faster rate in countries that are not members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). It expects jet fuel cons...

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Events and training

UK MoD Aviation Fuels Committee Meeting

17-03-2020
Receive essential guidance and updates on aviation fuel specifications, including those for aviation turbine fuel, Def Stan 91-091 and aviation gasoline, Def Stan 91-090.

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Oil and Gas Industry Fundamentals - Awareness - Middle East - April 2020

8-04-2020
This 2-day training course provides delegates with an overview of principal activities inthe international upstream, midstream and downstream petroleum industry.

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Delivering Safety Culture Change using the Hearts and Minds Toolkit - Dubai - April 2020

13-04-2020
This 3-day interactive training course and certificate will teach delegates the fundamentals of improving safety culture using the award-winning Hearts and Minds toolkit.  It will teach the fundamentals of safety culture change, focusing on the various stages of a culture change programme, from...

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Oil and Gas Industry Fundamentals - Awareness - September 2020

10-09-2020
This 2-day awareness training course provides delegates with an overview of principal activities in the international upstream, midstream and downstream petroleum industry.

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Delivering Safety Culture Change using the Hearts and Minds Toolkit - October 2020

12-10-2020
This 3-day interactive training course and certificate will teach delegates the fundamentals of improving safety culture using the award-winning Hearts and Minds toolkit.  It will teach the fundamentals of safety culture change, focusing on the various stages of a culture change programme, from...

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Technical guidance publications

Case study on reducing manual handling and ergonomics related incidents in the offshore wind industry

2020
This document provides support and practical examples to help reduce MH&E related incidents in the offshore wind industry. The requirement for support and guidelines to reduce MH incidents in the offshore wind industry originates from:Reporting that indicates that MH injuries are one of the larg...

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French translation - G+/DROPS Reliable securing booklet for offshore wind

2020
Free to download. For more information on the G+ visit www.gplusoffshorewind.comThis document is an adaptation of selected DROPS Reliable securing, Best practice recommendations for the securing of structure and equipment at the worksite content to provide guidance and functional reco...

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HM 93. A guide to manual sampling of hydrocarbon liquids

2020
Anyone involved in oil production, transportation, refining, storage or distribution will be aware of the importance of sampling and testing to ensure that crude oil and products meet the required specifications. This guide provides practical advice on sampling of hydrocarbon liquids across a wide r...

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G+ Safe by design Workshop report update: WTG service lifts – follow-up on workshop conclusions

2020
This publication is available to download for free for registered users.A Safe by Design workshop on wind turbine generator (WTG) service lifts was held on 22 September 2016 in London. From this workshop a report was published, with recommendations (G+ Safe by Design workshop report: WTG service lif...

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French translation - Good practice guideline - The safe management of small service vessels used in the offshore wind industry

2020
This is the French translation of the publication Good practice guideline - The safe management of small service vessels used in the offshore wind industry. This is a translation of the 2nd edition of the English, which can be downloaded for free here.The G+ Global Offshore Wind Health &am...

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